A barge of a triangular cross-section is 20m long, 12m wide and 6m deep. It floats in SW at a draft of 4m. Find its displacement.

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Solution :

Volume of triangular cross section = (L x B X H )
= (20 x 12 x6)

Depth  = 4m

Here Displacement means =  displacement by triangular cross section.
In triangle ABC, CG is perpendicular  to  AB
So triangle GBC and EFC are similar,
So by law of similar angle triangle
GB / EF =   GC / EC
6 / EF   = 6/ 4
EF = (6x 4)/6
=  4m

Now, DF = (2EF)
= 4×2
= 8m

Displacement  = ( u/w volume ) x (1.025)
= (20 x 8 x 4) x (1.025)
= 656 t .

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