# A rectangular tank measures 30mx 16mx 14m. It has an ullage pipe projecting 0.5m above its top. Oil of RD 0.78 is to be loaded. The pipeline leading from the refinery to the ship is 10km long and 40cm in diameter. At the time of completion, all the oil in pipeline has to be taken. find at what ullage the valve at the refinery end must be shut so that the final ullage in the ship’s tank would be 0.78m. State also, the mass of oil loaded finally. (Assume π to be 3.1416).﻿

The volume of the rectangular tank = (L x B x H)
=(30 x16 x14)
Ullage pipe projecting above its top = 0.5m
RD of oil = 0.78
The length of the pipe line from tank to the ship = 10km
= 10000m
The diameter of the pipe = (d)
= 40cm
Hence, radius = (40 /2 )
= 20cm

Volume of the tank = (L x B x H)
= (30m x16m x14m)
=6720m3

Area = (L x B)
= (30 x 16)
= 480m2

The total ullage =0.78m

So ,ullage inside the tank = (0.78 –  0.50)
= 0.28m

If ullage inside the tank = 0.25m,The depth of oil to be loaded is
= (14 -0.28) m
=13.72m

Volume of the oil = (L x B x D)
=( 30x 16x 13.72)m
= 6585.6 m3

Mass of the oil to be load = (volume x density)
= (6585.6 x 0.78)
= 5136.768 t

Now , volume of oil in the pipe  = (πr2h)
=(3.1416 x 0.2 x 0.2 x 10000)
=1256.64m3

Depth of oil when it poured in to the tank = (volume /area)
= (1256.64 /480)
= 2.618m

Depth of the tank without the pipe line oil = (13.72 -2.618)
= 11.102m

Thus the ullage will be = (14 -11.102)
= 2.898m