A tank 10m deep has vertical sides .its bottom consist of triangle 12mx12mx10m. find the mass of oil (of RD0.800) to be loaded, allowing 3 % of the volume of oil loaded for expansion. State the ullage on completion of loading.

Advertisements

Depth of the tank = 10m
L, B, H, of triangle = (12 x 12 x 12
RD = 0.8

qes 4

Allowing, 3% of the volume of the oil loaded for expansion.
Area of the triangle = 1/2 (base x height)

In triangle PQR, RQ in the height which divide the base at same length.
So In triangle PSR

SR2 =PR2 –PS2
= (122– 52)
= (144 -25)
=119

So, SR = 10.9m
So area of the triangle = 1/2 (10×10.9)
=54.5m2

Volume of the tank = (10 x54.5)
= 545m3

Now, volume of the oil = (Total volume -free space)

let ‘V’ be the volume of the oil
545 = (V + 3/100 x V)
545 = (V + 3V/ 100)
545 = (103V /100)
V = (545 x 100) /103
V = 529.126m3

Mass of the oil = (density x volume)
= 0.8 x 529.126
=423.3 t

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published.