FULL FORM OF CSS CODE
CSS stands for Code of Safe Practice for Cargo Stowage and Securing.
WHY CSS CAME INTO FORCE
The accelerations acting on the vessel due to its motion in the sea give rise to the majority of securing problems. Hazards arising from these forces should be dealt with by taking measures both to ensure proper stowage and securing of cargoes on board and to reduce the amplitude and frequency of ship motions. Assembly adopted the Code of Safe Practice for Cargo Stowage and Securing (CSS Code) in November 1991 by resolution A.714(17). The Assembly recommended that Governments implement the Code at the earliest possible opportunity and requested the Maritime Safety Committee to keep it under review and amend it as necessary.
The purpose of the CSS Code is to provide an international standard to promote the safe stowage and securing of cargoes by:
- Drawing the attention of shipowners and ship operators to the need to ensure that the ship is suitable for its intended purpose;
- Providing advice to ensure that the ship is equipped with proper cargo securing means;
- Providing general advice concerning the proper stowage and securing of cargoes to minimize the risks to the ship and personnel;
- Providing specific advice on those cargoes which are known to create difficulties and hazards with regard to their stowage and securing;
- Advising on actions that may be taken in heavy sea conditions
- Advising on actions that may be taken to remedy the effects of cargo shifting.
In providing such advice, it should be borne in mind that the Master is responsible for the safe conduct of the voyage and the safety of the ship, its crew, and its cargo.
CONTENTS OF CSS CODE
- PRINCIPLES OF SAFE STOWAGE AND SECURING OF CARGO
- STANDARDIZED STOWAGE AND SECURING SYSTEMS
- SEMI-STANDARDIZED STOWAGE AND SECURING
- NON-STANDARDIZED STOWAGE AND SECURING
- ACTION WHICH MAY BE TAKEN IN HEAVY WEATHER
- ACTION MAY BE TAKEN ONCE CARGO HAS SHIFTED
It also contain 13 annex