What is Inclining experiment and how it is done?
The motive of performing incline experiment as to obtain the KG of the ship. It is done in light condition.
The inclining experiment should be done when building of ship is complete or nearly so. Any change ,thereafter ,be allowed for by calculation.
The experiment may have to be performed again during the life of the ship if any large structure alterations are made.
Two pendulum bobs, attached to lines about
ten metres or more in length, are suspended, in the open hatchway, at the centre line of the ship -one forward and the other, aft. Some shipyards use a third plumb bob amidships. The results obtained by the different bobs are averaged.
For simplicity’s sake,
We will take only one Bob .
The bob itself, though suspended freely, may be immersed in a trough of oil or water in order to damp out oscillations.
A horizontal batten, graduated in centimeters,
is fitted a short distance above the plumb bob. The batten is adjusted to be horizontal, by use of a spirit level, when the ship is perfectly upright.
Four equal weights are placed on deck, two on
each side, at equal distances off the centre line. The weights are chosen to total about 1/500 of the light displacement. Most shipyards use concrete blocks of known weight.
One weight is shifted from starboard to port
and, after allowing sufficient time for the ship to settle in the listed condition, the deflection of the pendulum is noted. The second weight is shifted from starboard to port and the deflection of the pendulum is noted.Both the weights are then shifted back to their original places the deflection should again be zero. The
procedure is then repeated by shifting the weights from port to starboard, one at a time.
Tan (list) = GG¹/GM = dw/W.GM
and now with the above experiment we also get
Tan (list) = deflection of pendulum / length of plumb line
Therefore deflection of pendulum /plumb length. = dw/W.GM.