Action in case of fire in Port during Cargo or Bunker Operations.

Action in case of fire in Port during Cargo or Bunker Operations.

  • Raise the alarm.
  • Inform port authorities.
  • Inform the Master.
  • Cease cargo or bunker operations & Caste off bunker barge that is alongside.
  • Non essential persons to be sent ashore.
  • One man standby at the gangway with cargo plan, fire wallet, international shore connection to act as a guide for shore fire party.
  • Muster all crew- head count. Fire party briefed.
  • Proceed to scene off fire and investigate.
  • Shut down all ventilation.
  • Start emergency fire p/p.
  • Try to fight the fire by conventional means.
  • Try to fight the fire by conventional means.
  • Maintain boundary cooling at all times.
  • After fire brigade comes-Hand over fire wallet.
  • Co-ordinate closely and assist as required.
  • Constant check on stability at all times.
  • If cargo space fire- close and batten down hatches.
  • If accommodation fire then isolate all electrical circuits.

Action in case of Engine Room fire at sea

Action in case of Engine Room fire at sea

  • Raise the alarm. Inform the master
  • Reduce the vessels speed & Engage manual steering.
  • Display NUC ( NOT UNDER COMMAND) lights,
  • Weather reports, open communication with other vessels in the vicinity and send urgency signal.
  • Close all ventilation, fire and watertight doors.
  • Muster all crew- take a head count.
  • Emergency fire p/p running.
  • Isolate all electrical units.
  • Commence boundary cooling.
  • Fight fire by conventional means.
  • Main fire party to be properly equipped.
  • Back up party ready at all times.

Contents of a Fire Wallet?

A fire Wallet is one of the very important document. When we have fire fighters onboard we need to hand over the fire wallet to them which contain the following informations (contents of fire wallet.)

  • General Arrangement plan.
  • Shell expansion plan.
  • Ventilation plan.
  • Fire fighting equipment plan.
  • Position of all watertight doors.
  • Stability information, cargo plan cargo manifest- if dangerous goods carried.
  • Crews list.
  • Electric data.
  • A cargo plan with any dangerous cargo being specifically mentioned

read more from this chapter at

Contingency Plans for Response to Emergencies

Actions following Grounding or Stranding: 

 

  • Stop engines.
  • Sound General Alarm, Muster and account for all hands.
  • Shut all watertight doors.
  • Consider use of anchor.
  • Switch to high cooling water intakes.
  • Display signal required by the Collision Regulations.
  • Take all necessary action to preserve life, safety of own and other vessels and the environment.
  • Determine and record the ship’s position and which way the deep water lies, nature of seabed and obtain information on currents and tides.
  • Ascertain extent of damage to own vessel, including status of machinery.
  • Sound all ship tanks and spaces, record results.Actions following Grounding or Stranding:
    • If oil pollution evident consider changing ER intakes to low sea suction.
    • Broadcast an URGENCY message to all ships in the vicinity and local coastguard or broadcast a DISTRESS ALERT if the ship is in grave and imminent danger.
    • Inform Coast/Flag State Authorities and Company’s DPA/Emergency Response team. Request assistance if necessary.
    • Consider reducing the draught of the ship.
    • Make ship’s position available to radio room/GMDSS station, satellite terminal and other automatic distress transmitters and update as necessary.
    • Consider taking on additional ballast to prevent unwanted movement. Preserve VDR or S-VDR records.
    • Maintain a comprehensive log of events and conclusion of the incidentActions following Grounding or Stranding: (Contd):

      Obtain information on local currents & tides, particularly details of the rise and fall of tide Consider reducing the draught of the ship

      Consider taking on additional ballast to prevent unwanted movement

      Make ship’s position available to radio room/GMDSS station, satellite terminal and other automatic distress transmitters and update as necessary

      Inform Coastal StateAuthorities if appropriate

      Preserve VDR or S-VDR records if not automatically protected

      Broadcast DISTRESS ALERT and MESSAGE if the ship is in grave and imminent danger and immediate assistance is required, otherwise broadcast an URGENCY message to ships in the vicinity

Content of muster list

Content of muster list:

  • Vessel name / IMO number
  • Emergency duties of all crew and personnel onboard
  • General and emergency alarms
  • person responsible for LSA/FFA maintenance
  • Substitutes for person in-charge ( if incapacitated )
  • Masters signature & Location of Muster station and SOPEP gears
  • Special duties in case of emergency and abandon ship
  • Format to be approved by the flag state
  • All emergency alarm and signals.
  • The action to be taken by the crew and passengers.
  • Where appropriate, communication equipment, channels and reporting chain to be used during an abandonment or other emergency should be specified.
  • The means by which the order to abandon ship is to be given.
  • The duties to be carried out by each member of the ship’s complement in an emergency. Such duties include:
    • The preparation, swinging out or deploying of survival craft and other life-saving appliances,
    • The closing of watertight and fire doors, and all other openings such as skylights, portholes and side scuttles and any openings in the hull.
    • Duties in connection with fire-fighting, the use of communication equipment and the equipping of survival craft.
  • Persons assigned for survival craft or launching station.
  • This provision of substitutes must be shown on the muster list and may be a detailed list or in the form of a general statement such as “Should key persons become disabled, those next in line, as appropriate, should take their place”.
  • The muster list must show the name or rank of the officers whose duty is to ensure that the life-saving and fire-fighting appliances are maintained in a condition to be always ready for use.

 

read more from this chapter at

Contingency Plans for Response to Emergencies

 

LAN , MAN , WAN

LAN

  • Local area networks, generally called LANs, are privately-owned networks within a single building or campus of up to a few kilometers in size.
  • They are widely used to connect personal computers and workstations in company offices and factories to share resources (e.g., printers) and exchange information.
  • Traditional LANs run at speeds of 100 Mbps to 1000 Mbps. Newer LANs operate at up to 10 Gbps.

MAN

  • A MAN usually interconnects a number of local area networks (LANs) using a high-capacity backbone technology, such as fiber-optical links, and provides up-link services to wide area networks (or WAN) and the Internet.
  • A MAN may be wholly owned and operated by a private company, or it may be a service provided by a public company, such as a local telephone company.

WAN

  • A wide area network (WAN) provides long-distance transmission of data, voice, image, and video information over large geographical areas that may comprise a country, a continent, or even the whole world
  • WANs may utilize public, leased, or private communication devices, usually in combinations, and can therefore span an unlimited number of miles.

Machinery Space is divided into many Subdivisions – Why?

When a ship encounters collision with another ship or rock – Hull or Shipside may get damaged/broken

Sea water may enter into the ship

This causes/results in loss of buoyancy and ship may sink

 

To prevent the Loss of buoyancy – We have to limit the amount of water entering the ship (i.e. Confine the water within a small space)

Hence the Machinery Space is subdivide into many number of compartments by using water tight bulk heads

(i.e. water entering the ship is confined to the size of compartment)

Examples

ER

Double Bottom Tanks

Steering Gear Room

Pump Room

Workshop

Steering Gear Room

It is a Space where the Steering Gear is located (Steering Gear is the Equipment / Machinery used to control the Ship’s Steering)

This room also serves as an emergency steering station

Steering gear room is separated from machinery space by water tight bulk head

 

Pump Room

It is a space where cargo pumps are located

This room is placed between ER & Cargo Hold/Cargo Oil Tank

Pump room is separated from Engine Room by water tight bulk head

Workshop

Following are some of the Equipments that are found in a Ship’s Engine Room Workshop

Universal Machine Tool

Welding Machine

Gas Cutting Equipment

Surface Plate

Grinding Machine

Fuel Valve Pressure Testing Machine

Tools and Tackles

 

GENERAL SHIP KNOWLEDGE (Machinery Spaces)

Machinery Spaces

Machinery Space

It is a space where Machineries / Equipments are located

 

Engine Room (ER)

It is a space where almost all the Machineries / Equipments are located

 

Some Machineries / Equipments are located outside the Engine Room also

Example:

Machinery / Equipment Location
Cranes & Winches Deck
Steering Gear Steering Gear Room
Cargo Pumps Pump Room
Navigational Equipments Bridge / Wheel House

 

Location of Engine Room

Engine Room is located either at the Aft or Midship or Fwd of the ship

 

Layout of Engine Room

Engine Room consists of many levels / floors / decks / platforms

Engine Room extends right from the bottommost level (Hull) to the level of the funnel

The Various Levels / Floors / Decks / Platforms in ER are:

  • Engine Room Casing
  • Engine Room Top Deck / Platform
  • Engine Room Middle Deck / Platform
  • Engine Room Bottom Deck / Platform

  1. Engine Room Casing

It is the space on the top of the ER (i.e. top most part of the ER)

(It extends from Upper Deck Level to Boat Deck Level / Accommodation Deck level)

Machineries / Equipments that are located in ER Casing –

Auxiliary Boiler, Exhaust Gas Boiler, Ventilation Fans and the Passage/Stairway connecting the Funnel

 

  1. Engine Room Top Deck / Platform

Machineries / Equipments that are located in ER Top Deck / Platform

(Layout of ER Top Platform)

MARPOL *Annex I (Regulations for the Prevention of Pollution by Oil)

Marpol

Annexure 1
regulation of the prevention from the oil pollution

Special areas

Mediterranean sea
Baltic sea
Black sea
Red sea
gulf of Aden
gulfs area

PURGING – it is an operation of the introduction of inert gas into the tank with the objective of further reduction of the existing oxygen or CH gas content to a level below which combustion cannot be supported.

LFL- it is the concentration of hydrocarbon in air below which the mixture becomes too lean to initiate or propagate combustion.

HFL-it is the concentration of hydrocarbon in air above which the mixture becomes too thick to initiate or propagate compulsion

EXPLOSIMETER -it indicates hydrocarbon content in air instrument explosimeter consists of a wheatstone bridge.

PSSA – PARTICULARLY SENSITIVE SEA AREA

slop tank – are present on board tankers to store oily water mixture from cargo tank washing.

SOPEP ( SHIP OIL POLLUTION EMERGENCY PLAN)

Master is over on incharge.
It guides the master and other crew members on board ship concerning the steps to be taken in case of oil pollution.

 

ODMCS (OIL DISCHARGE MONITORING AND CONTROL SYSTEM)

it is used to prevent the pollution of ocean by oil due to the discharge from ballast and bilge space consist of 4 essentials systems

first                oil content metre
second.        a flow metre
third.             computing unit
Fourth.         onboard valve unit

 

Clean Ballast 

Ballast tank since oil was carried, has to be cleaned so that it meets some standards like

If it were discharged from a ship which is stationary into the clean calm water on a clear day would not produce visible traces of oil on the surface of water or shorelines.

Ballast is discharged through ODMCS then oil content should not be more then 15PPM to be considered as clean ballast.

 

 

COW(CRUDE OIL WASHING)

-Oil cargos itself is used to wash the tanks

-when all cargo is spread with pressure on the tank walls and the surface, the sediments sticking to the wall dissolves and converts into useful cargo which can be formed out to shore tank

-eliminates the requirement of slop tank

OIL RECORD BOOK
PART 1

FOR ALL SHIPS MACHINERY SPACES

BLASTING AND CLEANING OF OIL FUEL TANKS

DISPOSAL OF OILY REDUCE DISCHARGE OF DIRTY BALLAST OR CLEANING WATERY FROM OIL FUEL TANKS

PART2
Cargo / ballast operation
Loading of oil cargo
unloading
ballasting
cleaning of the cargo tank
discharge of water from slope tank

 

IOPP
INTERNATIONAL OIL POLLUTION PREVENTION CERTIFICATE

It is issued to each new ship after an appointment surveyor has inspected and found it to be in compliance with marpol.
Give details of oils and filtering equipment and also associated monitoring equipment.

 

An oily water separator (OWS) (marine) is a piece of equipment specific to the shipping or marine industry. It is used to separate oil and water mixtures into their separate components. This page deals exclusively oily water separators aboard marine vessels. They are found on board ships where they are used to separate oil from oily wastewater such as bilge water before the wastewater is discharged into the environment. These discharges of wastewater must comply with the requirements laid out in Marpol 73/78.For information on more general oil water separators Oily Water Separators .

working criteria 15 ppm .