Paper 8


Note: Use of Non – Programmable Scientific calculator is permitted.
Answer any SEVEN questions only. Question no.5 is compulsory. All questions carry 10 marks
1. Explain various categories of cargoes carried by the ships and name the respective ships.
2. Define:-
i) bale capacity ii) grain capacity iii) stowage factor
iv) load density v) broken stowage
3. a) Draw the loadline marks and Plimsol mark with their dimensions.
b) What is the importance of the loadline marks?
4. a) What are the duties of the watchkeeping officer during cargo operations
b) What are the precautions during cargo watch?
5. Dimension of the tween deck are 20m × 15m × 3m. Find the maximum weight of the
general cargo that can be loaded in the compartment of stowage factor is 2.0m3/t and
broken stowage is 10%. Will the quantity of cargo be different if load density of the deck
is 1.25t/m2? Give reasons for your answer.
6. How will you prepare and inspect cargo hold for loading general cargo?
7. a) Draw and explain various types of motions experienced by a ship in a seaway.
b) What are the various types of lashing materials used for securing the cargoes on board
Break Bulk Ship?
8. a) Define:-
i) Safe Working Load ii) Breaking Stress iii) Factor of Safety
b) – i) Explain the types of ropes and wires
ii) How to take care of fiber and wire ropes?
9. a)What is
i) Sweating ii) Ship’s sweat iii) Cargo sweat
b) Why ventilation of cargo compartment is necessary?