Duties of Flag States

Maintain a register of ships.

Effectively exercise jurisdiction over its vessels to ensure: Safety at sea with respect to construction, equipment and seaworthiness.

Manning and compliance of STCW and ILO conventions Pollution prevention Surveyed regularly by qualified surveyors Master and crew are qualified and conversant with international regulations on pollution, safety at sea, collision RegulationsVessels carry certificates with respect to the above viz safety, pollution, sea-worthiness etc.

Conduct proper enquiry on every marine casualty or incident of navigation at sea, causing loss of life or serious damage to installations or vessels or marine environment of other nations.

Must promptly inform concerned State and competent international organisations result of such enquiry. Penalties for the above offences must be adequate in severity to discourage such offences/violations.