Frederick Herzberg , a behavioural scientist said in 1959 proposed his theory – Motivator hygiene theory or the Two-factor theory. According to it there are some job factors that result in satisfaction while there are other job factors that Prevent dissatisfaction.
Hygiene factor are those job factors which are essential for the existence of motivation at the workplace. These factors are not supposed to give satisfaction in the long run, But the absence of these factors lead to dissatisfaction. We can say that hygiene factor is a need more than satisfaction.
In other words, hygiene factors are those factors which when adequate/reasonable in a job, pacify the employees and do not make them dissatisfied. Hygiene factor includes. Job Security, Physical working conditions.
Motivational factors –
According to Herzberg, hygiene factors cannot be regarded as motivators. Motivational factors give satisfaction. These factors motivate the employees for superior performance.
Motivational factors include:
2.Growth and promotional opportunities