Continental Shelf

This is geologically defined and can extend well beyond 200 Miles. A maximum of 350 miles is specified in UNCLOS. This zone is a resource zone and not a security zone and does not form the territory of the coastal state. The resources covered are ‘mineral and other non-living resources of the sea bed and subsoil together with living organisms’. The coastal state has the exclusive rights to construct artificial islands, installations, and structures for the purpose of exploiting the resources. Safety zones of 500 Metres may be established around this installation.