WORKER’S PARTICIPATION IN MANAGEMENT
Workers’ participation in management is an essential ingredient of Industrial democracy. The concept of workers’ participation in management is based on the Human Relations approach to Management which brought about a new set of values to labour and management. Traditionally the concept of Workers’ Participation in Management (WPM) refers to the participation of non-managerial employees in the decision-making process of the organization. Workers’ participation is also known as ‘labour participation’ or ‘employee participation’ in management.
Workers’ participation in management implies mental and emotional involvement of workers in the management of Enterprise. It is considered as a mechanism where workers have a say in the decision-
The philosophy underlying workers’ participation stresses:
democratic participation in decision-making;
maximum employer-employee collaboration;
minimum state intervention;
realisation of a greater measure of social justice;
greater industrial efficiency; and
higher level of organisational health and effectiveness.
The objectives of workers’ participation in management are as follows:
To raise level of motivation of workers by closer involvement.
To provide opportunity for expression and to provide a sense of importance to workers.
To develop ties of understanding leading to better effort and harmony.
To act on a device to counter-balance powers of managers.
To act on a panacea for solving industrial relation problems